Est. April 28, 2012

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1 Constitution on Sat Apr 28, 2012 12:05 am

Prelude: We, sovereign members of Hinburg, in order to create a tranquil, peaceful, and democratic society for ourselves and our citizens, bind to each other our companionship and ordain this Constitution for The Region of Hinburg.

Article 1: Legislative Government
The Legislature is to be organized into a one body system, known as the Senate.

1.1 Elections: Senators will be elected every 30 days, determined by popular vote on the forums. In the event of a tie, all of the nations in the tie will be admitted to the Senate.

1.2 Term Limit: There is no term limit for the Senate. Incumbents may retain their position if they are continually reelected.

1.3 Senator Count: The amount of Senators will roughly 1/5 of the Regional Population, with incomplete numbers being rounded up. However, the Senator count will never be less than 4. The Senate must always be an even number. Example: We will add two new senators when the Regional Population gains 10 citizens more.

1.4 Area of Governance: The following issues will be addressed in the Senate Hall with their respective required majorities. If an issue arises that is not mentioned by either the "simple" or "2/3" majority, the High Court will determine which majority the issue falls under. Simple majority is defined as having at least one more vote than the opposition.

(Simple Majority): Proposals, minor issues.

(2/3 Majority): Constitution issues (Amendments included), expulsion of the President, drafting a new Constitution, any appointmentships, Acts of War, issues with drastic importance.

1.5 Ties: In the event of a tie, the Chief Justice will break the tie.

1.6 Acts of War: The President of Hinburg can announce war with a nation or a region. In order for the Hinburg to officially declare war, the Senate must pass a declaration of war with a minimum simple majority.

Article 2: Executive Government

2.1 Elections: The President will serve a 60 day term. This is to be determined by popular vote on the forums. Election must last a minimum of 24 hours. In the event of a tie, a re-vote will be administered. In the event of a further tie, the Senate will vote. If that is also a tie, the Chief Justice will determine the President.

2.2 Term Limit: The President may serve a maximum of 4 terms. Terms that do not last for the full 60 days, but exceed 30 days, are to be considered full terms.

2.3 Duties of the President: The President of Hinburg is committed to executing the federal law, as well as appointing Ministers, Justices, and other diplomatic or regulatory officers. The President must get the approval of the Senate by a simple majority vote for the appointment to pass. The President is also required to head all foreign issues that arises, filling his responsibility as leader of the state. This includes treaties with foreign powers.

2.4 Duties of the Vice President: The Vice President is responsible for advising the President during his term. If the President is unable to perform his duties as President, the Vice President will assume the Presidency until the President resigns, resumes his duties, or his term expires. Then, the Vice President will come in office.

2.5 Pardons: The President has the power to pardon any nation under collision with federal law. The aforementioned nation will be relieved of any charges, or sentencing.

2.6 Commander in Chief: As Commander in Chief, the President must protect all nations in Hinburg. The President is therefore head of all armed forces in the region, and must use these forces to promote peace and tranquility in the region.

2.7 Presidential Orders: The President is entitled to pass temporary legislation, known as an Executive Order. These orders do not need to be passed in the senate. However, the intent for the order must be proved to be in the interest of (i) national defense, (ii) public order, or (iii) greater good of Hinburg. An Executive Order can be repealed by a (2/3) majority in the Senate. The High Court may also immediately review an executive order, and repeal it if it is not in the interests of the three aforementioned reasons. However, the President may at no time undermine any part of the Constitution, declare war, criminally prosecute a nation, or dissolve opposition with an Executive Order.

2.8 Military Endeavors: The President may commit armed forces without a declaration of war, or approval from the Senate, for no less than 10 days. After this amount of time, the Senate must vote to (i) permit the continuation for another 10 days, or (ii) declare war on the entity.

2.9 Presidential Succession: The President will be succeeded in numerical order as follows:
1) The Vice President
2) Senate Speaker
3) Chief Justice
4) Appointment by the Senate, and passed by the Senate.

2.10 Vacancy of the Vice Presidency: Should the Vice Presidency become vacant, the President will nominate a citizen to fill the role. The citizen must be approved by a 2/3 majority in the Senate.

Article 3: Judicial Government/High Court

3.1 Elections of the Chief Justice: Elections for the Chief Justice will be held every 90 days. The elections will be decided by popular vote of the region's citizens.

3.2 Appointment of Associate Justices: Once elected, the Chief Justice must nominate three associate justices within 24 hours of the election. The Senate must confirm these appointments with 2/3 majority approval.

3.3 Full Term of Good Stature: The Justices only be removed if convicted of a crime against the region in the High Court. So will the President, Vice President, or any member of congress that performs such acts.

3.4 Chief Justice Powers over the Associate Justices: The Chief Justice can remove the associate Justices at any time during his term and at his discretion.

3.5 Impartiality: In order to ensure legal impartiality to every party, Justices must:
1) Not be engaged in any political party
2) Not hold any position in the Executive Government
3) Not be in the Senate.

3.6 Broad Clause: The High Court and its Justices are charged with interpreting the law if any issue arises that is not covered by Federal rulings or this Constitution.

Article 4: Executive Appointments

4.1 Ministers and Delegation: Ministers assist the President, and are members of his cabinet. These positions are the Minister of the Interior, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Culture, a Commander of Armed Forces, a Grand Admiral, and an Attorney General. Appointments must be issued within 24 hours of being elected. If not enough members are present to fill all the positions, section 2.8 will be temporarily ignored.

4.2 Minister of the Interior: The Minister of Interior affairs is responsible for:
1) Recruitment of new nations into the region,
2) Naturalization of new citizens into the region,
3) Citizenship issues.

4.3 Minister of Foreign Affairs: The Minister of Interior Affairs is responsible for:
1) Appointing ambassadors to regions,
2) Establishing embassies with other regions,
3) Management of embassies with other regions,
4) Portraying the World Senate in a professional nature to other regions.

4.4 Minister of Culture: The Minister of Culture is responsible for:
1) Maintaining a timeline of political events occurring in the Senate, High Court, and the Presidency,
2) Record keeping of elections and the results.

4.4 Commander of Armed Forces: The Commander of Armed Forces is the second in command of the region’s armed forces, behind the President as Commander in Chief. The Commander of Armed Forces is to maintain day to day defense of the region, as well as offensive practices as the government dictates. The Commander of the Armed Forces must maintain a professional work ethic at all times.

4.5 Grand Admiral: The Grand Admiral is the field commander for the armed forces. He ranks third in command for the region. The Grand Admiral is charged with maintaining a professional work ethic at all times. The Grand Admiral is also charged with accepting applicants into the Armed Forces. In the event of a court-martialing, the Grand Admiral will be responsible for passing on the criminal prosecution to the Attorney General.

4.6 Attorney General: The Attorney General, as of the region’s Department of Justice, is concerned with all legal affairs that occur in the region. Their responsibilities are as follows:
1) Prosecuting the suspects of any violations of regional laws in the court of law,
2) Advising members of the Senate and Presidency of their legal rights,
3) Ensuring that suspects are given full rights as mandated by World Assembly regulations,
4) Portraying a professional work ethic at all times.

4.7 Senator Confirmation: Every Ministerial appointment must be approved by a 2/3 vote, taken at the first reasonable point in time after their appointments. The procedures for the confirmation are as follows:
1) The floor will vote on confirmation of all appointments at once.
2) If a 2/3 approval for all the appointments is not reached, the Senate will then progress to vote on each individual appointment.
3) If an individual appointment fails after that, the High Court will take over the case.
4) The High Court will review the Senate’s reasons for disapproval, and determine if they are warranted. If they are not warranted, the appointee will assume the appointment.

Article 5: Consul General

5.1 Description of Role: The Consul General holds no political authority, and is merely an aesthetic role in the political system. The Consul General is charged with swearing in the Chief Justice, President, Vice President, Justices, Senators, and Speaker of the House.

5.2 Appointment of Consul General: The position of Consul General shall be one that LAX may hold permanently.

5.3 Absence of the Consul General: Should LAX become absent and unable to assume his duties, the Deputy Consul General will assume the task of swearing in elected officials. Should the Deputy Consul General be unable to assume his duties, the Chief Justice will assume the role. The Speaker of the Senate would swear in the Chief Justice if that need arose. However, the Chief Justice would swear in every other elected official.

5.4 Swearing in of Elected Officials: The following pledge is to be used for swearing in elected officials into their position of office:

I, (victorious candidate’s name), hereby swear to uphold the laws of the World Senate, protect the land from ill fate, and to ensure that democracy is passed on to our next generation. I also swear to act with peace, justice, and equality as an elected official of the World Senate.

Article 6: Criminal Cases in the High Court

6.1 Administration: Criminal Cases in the High Court will be prosecuted by the Attorney General of the region. The defendant has the right to a lawyer, and may appoint a citizen to represent him to the High Court.

6.2 Verdict: The associate justices will vote at the end of the entire criminal proceeding. The majority decision will be the verdict. If found guilty, the Chief Justice will independently sentence him appropriately.

6.3 Cases Tried in the High Court: The following cases are tried in the High Court:
1) Treason, defined as waging war against the region, aiding the enemies of the region, or undermining any regional rulings or this document.
2) Election fraud, such as attempting to gain control of the Executive, Legislative, or Judicial Government through unlawful methods.
3) Normal criminal cases, as dictated in a regular criminal court, since there is not a lower court in the region.

Article 7: WA Delegate (The World Assembly Delegate is charged with voting in favor of popular vote as dictated on NS. )

7.1 Legally Binding Public Referendum: The World Assembly Delegate must vote the way of the public demands on the forums for WA Proposals. If the vote is a tie, the Chief Justice breaks the tie.

7.2 Term Length: The World Assembly Delegate will serve a term of 30 days.

7.3 Term Limit: There are to be no limits on the number of terms the World Assembly Delegate may serve.

7.4 Appointed to Other Positions: The Delegate MAY NOT run for another position while holding the placement of WA Delegate.

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